Gynecomastia Surgery Procedure & Precautions
“Gynecomastia” is a Greek word which means “women like breasts”. Gynecomastia is a swelling of the breast tissue in men. Gynecomastia can affect men of any age or weight. Male breasts are relatively smaller when compared to the breasts of a female.
Due to genetic reasons, an imbalance in the hormone levels of estrogen and testosterone, use of certain drugs or other unspecified reasons, men may develop enlarged breasts. The swelling may reduce over a period of time by itself or it can be treated with the help of male breast reduction surgery.
What is Male Breast Reduction or Gynecomastia Treatment?
Male breast reduction is a treatment to reduce the size of the male breasts. It is a procedure that removes the excess fat and the glandular tissue to provide men with a flat, firm and masculine contour to the chest. Male breast reduction is the most consistent and effective treatment for enlarged breasts in men.
When Should Men Consider Gynecomastia?
- If men are conscious to remove their shirt in public to swim, to exercise or to participate in sports
- In case of psychological discomfort or embarrassment
- To improve the overall body
- To increase social confidence
Causes of Gynecomastia
Genetic reasons – Klinefelter syndrome is a genetic condition in which affected males have an extra X chromosome, which results in the testicles not producing enough testosterone for the male body to develop and function normally.
Imbalance in hormonal levels – Gynecomastia results from an imbalance in hormone levels in which levels of estrogen (female hormones) are higher in relation to levels of androgens (male hormones).
Use of certain drugs
Other unspecified reasons
Common symptoms include Swollen breast gland tissue and breast tenderness.
You should consult a doctor if you notice: Swelling, pain, tenderness or nipple discharge in the breasts.
Preparation for Gynecomastia:
The surgeon may need the complete medical history of the person. The patient may also be asked to perform certain medical tests like a mammogram or breast x-ray prior to the surgery as the surgeon may need to examine the breasts.
The patient may have to stop smoking as smoking decreases the circulation of blood and interferes with the healing process.
The doctor may adjust the present mediations taken by the patient and may stop the intake of aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs, and other medications as it may increase bleeding.
The surgery begins by making an incision in the breast and the excess fat tissues are removed. As the size of the breast may become smaller or flatter, the surgeon may have to reposition the nipple or the aerola.
Care Taken After Gynecomastia:
Soon after the surgery, an immediate change is seen in the shape and appearance of the chest. There may be the minimal pain but soreness may remain for a few days. The doctor will discuss the dos and don’ts and how to get back to the normal level of work and activity. The person will have to follow a strict diet and opt for a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise to maintain the new shape.
How Much Does Gynecomastia Cost?
The cost for a standard gynecomastia starts from 75,000 INR onwards.